deterrence


deterrence
In criminology or the sociology of the military , deterrent and preventive measures can overlap, since both aim to discourage certain acts or place restrictions on the rational choices of others. The threat of imprisonment or of nuclear escalation are held to be deterrents and hence preventive of crime or nuclear war. In relation to crime, the threat of arrest, trial, conviction, and punishment is viewed as a general deterrent. Deterrence, as a general objective, is also invoked to justify punishment. Imprisonment is assumed to be a powerful deterrent but its effectiveness in persuading potential offenders to avoid crime is disputed. However, prison also seeks to reform, and may be said to deter crime if an individual commits no further crime after release. Nevertheless, in most modern penal systems, recidivism is high.

Dictionary of sociology. 2013.

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  • Deterrence — may refer to: Deterrence theory, a theory of war, especially regarding nuclear weapons Deterrence (legal), a theory of justice Deterrence (psychology), a psychological theory Deterrence, a 1999 drama starring Kevin Pollak, depicting fictional… …   Wikipedia

  • deterrence — de·ter·rence /di tər əns, ter / n: the inhibition of criminal behavior by fear esp. of punishment Merriam Webster’s Dictionary of Law. Merriam Webster. 1996. deterrence …   Law dictionary

  • Deterrence — De*ter rence, n. That which deters; a deterrent; a hindrance. [R.] [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • deterrence — 1861; see DETERRENT (Cf. deterrent) + ENCE (Cf. ence) …   Etymology dictionary

  • deterrence — [dē tʉr′əns, ditʉr′əns; ] also, chiefly Brit & Cdn [, dēter′əns, diter′əns] n. 1. the act of deterring 2. the policy or practice of stockpiling nuclear weapons to deter another nation from making a nuclear attack …   English World dictionary

  • Deterrence — Filmdaten Deutscher Titel Deterrence – Die Welt in Atem Originaltitel Deterrence …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • deterrence — /di terr euhns, tur , ter /, n. the act of deterring, esp. deterring a nuclear attack by the capacity or threat of retaliating. [1860 65; DETERR(ENT) + ENCE] * * * Military strategy whereby one power uses the threat of reprisal to preclude an… …   Universalium

  • deterrence — [[t]dɪte̱rəns, AM tɜ͟ːr [/t]] N UNCOUNT Deterrence is the prevention of something, especially war or crime, by having something such as weapons or punishment to use as a threat. ...policies of nuclear deterrence …   English dictionary

  • deterrence — The prevention from action by fear of the consequences. Deterrence is a state of mind brought about by the existence of a credible threat of unacceptable counteraction …   Military dictionary

  • deterrence — de|ter|rence [ dı terəns ] noun uncount 1. ) the idea that people will decide not to do something if they believe that something unpleasant could happen to them as a result 2. ) the idea that the possession of a particular weapon will make other… …   Usage of the words and phrases in modern English